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Details of Mujibnagar Complex, Picnic Spot, Memorial Monument for Remember Bangladesh Government in Mujibnagar Meherpur | About Bangladesh History & Famous Bengali Personality

Provisional Government of Bangladesh

The Provisional Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, popularly known as the Mujibnagar Government, was the government in exile of Bangladesh based in Kolkata, India during the Bangladesh Liberation War. Formed in early April 1971, the provisional government confirmed the declaration of independence of East Pakistan made earlier by Bengali nationalist leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 26 March. Sheikh Mujib was subsequently detained in West Pakistan while the leaders of the Bengali liberation movement led by the Awami League fled Dhaka amid a brutal crackdown by the Pakistan Army.

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Pohela Boishakh

Bengali New Year Noboborsho or Poyela Boishakh is the first day of the Bengali calendar, celebrated in both Bangladesh and West Bengal, and in Bengali communities in Assam and Tripura. It coincides with the New Year's Days of numerous Southern Asian calendars.

Poila Boishakh connects all ethnic Bengalis irrespective of religious and regional differences. In India, in West Bengal and Assam it is a public (state) holiday and is publicly celebrated in mid April. In Bangladesh, it is a national holiday celebrated around 14 April according to the official amended calendar designed by the Bangla Academy.

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Jasimuddin

Jasimuddin, poet and litterateur, was born on 1 January 1903 in his maternal uncle's home at Tambulkhana in faridpur, son of Ansaruddin Mollah, a schoolteacher from Govindapur, also in Faridpur. Jasimuddin studied for some time at Faridpur Welfare School. He then went to Faridpur District School, from where he matriculated in 1921. He completed IA from Rajendra College in 1924, and BA and MA in Bangla from the University of Calcutta in 1929 and 1931 respectively.

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Economy of Bangladesh

At April 2010, USA - based ratings agency Standard & Poor's (S&P) awarded Bangladesh a BB- for a long term in credit rating which is below India and well over Pakistan and Sri Lanka in South Asia. And, despite continuous domestic and international efforts to improve economic and demographic prospects, Bangladesh remains a developing nation. However, Bangladesh gradually decreased its dependency on foreign grant and loan from 85% (In 1988) to 2% (In 2010) for its annual development budget. Its per capital income in 2010 was US$641 compared to the world average of $8,985. But, if purchasing power parity (PPP) is taken into account, Bangladesh's economy is the 44th largest in the world at US$257 billion according to the IMF.

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Kaykobad

Kaykobad (also spelt Kaikobad) or Mohakobi Kaykobad (Kaykobad the great poet) was the pen name of the poet Kazem Ali Quereshi.

Kaikobad (1857—1951) was an epic Bengali poet and writer. He was born in the village of Agla under nawabganj thana in the district of Dhaka in what is now Bangladesh, in 1857. He was the son of Shahamatullah Al Qureshi, a lawyer at the Dhaka District Judge Court.

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Mohammad Ataul Ghani Osmani (M A G Osmani)

General Mohammad Ataul Ghani Osmani (1918-1984), commander-in-chief of the Liberation Forces and of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. Ataul Ghani Osmani was born at Sunamganj on 1 September 1918. He passed the matriculation examination in 1934 from Sylhet Government High School, and obtained his graduation from the Aligarh Muslim University in 1938. In 1939, he joined the Royal Armed Forces as Gentleman Cadet. But instead of joining the Indian Civil Service he completed the military course from the British Indian Military Academy in Deradun, and joined the Royal Army as a commissioned officer (1940). He was promoted to the rank of major in 1942 and was appointed commander of a battalion. He was engaged in war at the Burma sector in the Second World War as a commander of the British army. On completion of senior army officers' course in 1947 he was selected for appointment as lieutenant colonel.

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Foreign Policy and Military

Bangladesh pursues a moderate foreign policy that places heavy reliance on multinational diplomacy, especially at the United Nations. In 1974 Bangladesh joined both the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations and has since been elected to serve two terms on the Security Council in 1978–1979 and 2000–2001. In the 1980s, Bangladesh played a lead role in founding the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) in order to expand relations with other South Asian states. Since the founding of SAARC 1985, a Bangladeshi has held the post of Secretary General on two occasions.

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Government and Politics of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a unitary state and parliamentary democracy. Direct elections in which all citizens, aged 18 or over, can vote are held every five years for the unicameral parliament known as Jatiya Sangsad. The parliamentary building is known as the Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban and was designed by architect Louis Kahn. Currently the parliament has 345 members including 45 reserved seats for women, elected from single-member constituencies. The Prime Minister, as the head of government, forms the cabinet and runs the day-to-day affairs of state. While the Prime Minister is formally appointed by the President, he or she must be an MP who commands the confidence of the majority of parliament. The President is the head of state but mainly a ceremonial post elected by the parliament.

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Upazilas of Bangladesh

The districts of Bangladesh are divided into subdistricts, or upazilas . The upazilas are the lowest level of administrative government in

Bangladesh. In 1983, the Local Government Ordinance of 1982 was amended to redesignate and upgrade the existing thanas as upazilas.

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Meherpur

Meherpur is a district in South-western Bangladesh which is also the smallest district of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Khulna Division. Before 1984, it was a part of Kushtia district. Meherpur is a historical district in Bangladesh because of the fact that the Proclamation of Independence was solemnly made at the village Baidyanathtola, Mujibnagar, on 17 April 1971. On this very day the first provisional government of Bangladesh took oath here under the leadership of Tajuddin Ahmed.

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