Meherpur District (Khulna division) with an area 716.08 sq km, is bounded by kushtia district and West Bengal of India on the north, chuadanga district and West Bengal on the south, Chuadanga and kushtia districts on the east, West Bengal on the west. Main rivers are Bhairab, Mathabhaga and Kazli; Main depressions: Dharlar Beel, Chandbeel, Kolar Beel, Patapukur Beel, Gopalpur Beel, Bamandi Beel, Salika Beel, Terogharia Beel, Elangi Beel. Annual average temperature: highest 37.1°C and lowest 11.2°C; annual rainfall 1467 mm.
Details of Mujibnagar Complex, Picnic Spot, Memorial Monument for Remember Bangladesh Government in Mujibnagar Meherpur
On 10th April 1971 in Mujibnagar, elected parliament members of 1970's election from East Pakistan formed Bangladesh Government. The cabinet took oath on 17th April at liberated area in mango grove of Baidyanathtala (Bhoborpara) Meherpur, Kustia [Present Name is Mujibnagar] . This government took all policy decisions with respect to liberation war.
Profile of Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a small country in the world. It has a large population . The Bangladesh full name is People's Republic of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is a world's most densely populated countries , with its people crammed into a delta of rivers that empties into the Bay of Bengal .
The PROCLAMATION OF INDEPENDENCE was read at the village (Baidyanathtola) Bhoborpara . It's present name is Mujibnagar since 17 April 1971. On this day the first provisional government of Bangladesh took oath here. Mujibnagar Government is first official government of Bangladesh.
The " independent , sovereign republic of Bangladesh " was first proclaimed in a radio message broadcast from a captured station in Chittagong on 26th March in1971 . Two days later , The " Voice of Independent Bangladesh " announced that a " Major Ziaur Rahman " [actually Ziaur Rahman, later president of Bangladesh] would form a new government with himself occupying the "presidency". Zia self appointment was considered brash , especially by Mujibur Rahman , who in subsequent years would hold a grudge . Quickly realizing that his action was unpopular , Ziaur Rahaman yielded his " office " to the incarcerated Mujibur Rahaman .
The country Mujib returned to was scarred by civil war . The number of people killed , raped , or displaced could be only vaguely estimated . The task of economic rehabilitation , specifically the immediate goal of food distribution to a hungry populace , was frustrated by crippled communications and transportation systems . The new nation faced many other seemingly insurmountable problems inhibiting its reconstruction . One of the most glaring was the breakdown of law and order . In the wake of the war of independence , numerous bands of guerrillas still roamed the countryside , fully armed and outside the control of the government . Many fighters of the Mukti Bahini joined the Bangladesh Army and thus could legally retain their weapons , but many others ignored Mujib's plea that they surrender their weapons . Some armed groups took the law into their own hands and set up territories under their own jurisdiction . In time these challenges to central authority contributed to Mujib's suspension of democracy .
For most of its history, the area known as Bangladesh was a political backwater-an observer rather than a participant in the great political and military events of the Indian subcontinent. Historians believe that Bengal, the area comprising present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal, was settled in about 1000 BC by Dravidian-speaking peoples who were later known as the Bang. Their homeland bore various titles that reflected earlier tribal names, such as Vanga; Banga; Bangala; Bangal; and Bengal .
The assassins of Shaik Mujibur Rahaman arrested the three senior ranking officers in Mujib's cabinet but installed as president the fourth in charge , a long-time colleague of K mahmad Mujibbur Rahaman and minister of commerce , Khondakar Mushtaque Ahmed. Mushtaque , a conservative member of the Awami League [ The name to which the Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League reverted after Mujib's death ] , was known to lean toward the West and to have been troubled by Mujib's close ties with India . Many observers believed him to have been a conspirator in Mujib's assassination . Even so , his role in the new regime was circumscribed by the majors, who even moved into the presidential palace with him. Mushtaque announced that parliamentary democracy would be restored by the February of 1977 , and he lifted Mujib's ban on political parties . He instituted strong programs to reduce corrupt practices and to restore efficiency and public confidence in the government . He also ordered the transfer of all the equipment and assets and most of the personnel of the Jatiyo Rakkhi Bahini to the army and the eventual abolition of the Jatiyo Rakkhi Bahini .
On The March 25 , The Pakistan Army launched a terror campaign calculated to intimidate the Bengali's into submission . Within hours a wholesale slaughter had commenced in Dhaka , with the heaviest attacks concentrated on the University of Dhaka and the Hindu area of the old town . Bangladeshis remember the date as a day of infamy and liberation . The Pakistan Army came with hit lists and systematically killed several hundred Bengali's . Shak Mujibur Rahaman was captured and flown to West Pakistan for incarceration .
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