Barguna [Borguna] is a district in South-western Bangladesh. It is a part of the Barisal Division.
The Barguna District has a total area of 1831.31 km². It is bounded on the north by the districts of Jhalkathi, Barisal, Pirojpur and Patuakhali. In the east, it borders the Patuakhali District. On the south, Barguna is bounded by the Patuakhali District, and the Bay of Bengal. On the western side, it borders Pirojpur and Bagerhat districts. Important rivers of Barguna district include the Payra River, Bishkhali River and the Baleshwar River.
As of 2007, Barguna District has an overall population of 902,465 with a population density of 492 persons/km². Females constitute a majority of the population with a percentage of 50.12% while males constitute 49.88%.
Barguna’s economy is primarily dependent on agriculture. Principal crops include rice and pulses. Jute cultivation was once important, but the crop gradually lost popularity as a cash crop. Being a coastal district, Barguna has a thriving fishing industry. Produce of the district includes betel leaf, pulses, bananas, betel nut, molasses, marine fish, and shrimp. A small manufacturing industry comprises mostly rice mills, saw mill, soap factory, flour mill, ice factory and pen factory. Traditional cottage industries such as weaving, bamboo and cane art work, goldsmithing, blacksmithing, pottery, wood work, and tailoring also thrive in rural areas.